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From ancient Greek

lepìdos = scale + pteron = wing

complete metamorphosis

127 familiae, 165.000 species


It is the largest families of moths by species. The sizes of the adults range from the bigger of all moths (127 mm wingspan of Ascalapha odorata) to the smallest of the macromoths (6 mm of Micronoctuini).

Crambidae - Pyralidae

Crambidae (grass moths) in many older classifications have been treated as a subfamily of the Pyralidae (pyralid moths, snout moths)


The best-known species of Bombycidae is Bombyx mori, or silkworm, native to China and domesticated for millennia.


From the Ancient Greek geo (the earth), and metron (measure) in reference to the way their larvae appear to "measure the earth" as they move along in a looping fashion. They are the largest family of Lepidoptera, after Erebidae.


The scientific name is from the Greek lasio (wooly) and campa (caterpillar), the common English name "eggars" comes from the egg-shaped cocoons of some species.


In English, they are named Skippers for their quick, darting flight habits. Most have their antenna tips modified into narrow, hook-like projections.


Lycaenidae is the second-largest family of butterflies (behind Nymphalidae), They are also called gossamer-winged butterflies. Many lycaenids associate with ants, in a mutualistic, parasitic, or predatory way depending on the species.


The Nymphalidae are the largest family of butterflies. They are also called brush-footed butterflies or four-footed butterflies, because they stand on only four legs while the other two are curled up and used for sensory purposes.


Among Swallowtail family there are the largest butterflies in the world, the wingspan of the genus Ornithoptera being up to 31 cm.  Linnaeus chose the name Papilio for the type genus, as papilio is just the Latin for "butterfly".


Most pierid butterflies are white, yellow, or orange in coloration, often with black spots. A typical Italian name given to the genus Pieris is Cavolaia (Cabbage butterfly).


The Pterophoridae or plume moths are a family of Lepidoptera with unusually modified wings. Often they resemble a piece of dried grass, and may pass unnoticed by potential predators even when resting in exposed situations in daylight.


The family contains some of the largest species of moths in the world (up to 30 cm) , including the emperor moths, royal moths, and giant silk moths.


The common name of Riodinidae, "metalmarks" refers to the small, metallic-looking spots commonly found on their wings.


They generally have a metallic sheen and often prominent spots of red or yellow. Bright colours are a warning to predators that these moths are distasteful.


They are also colloquially known as hawk moths, with many of their caterpillars known as “hornworms”. They are also distinguished for their sustained flying ability, similar to that of hummingbirds.


Their common name is "owlet" and Noctua is actually the Latin name for the little owl. They are also called "armyworms" and "cutworms", for the behavior of the larvae, which can occur in destructive swarms and cut the stems of plants.

Regnum Animalia, Phylum Arthropoda, Subphylum Hexapoda, Classis Insecta

Cydalima (Diaphania) perspectalis

Plodia interpunctella

Bombyx mori

Amata (Syntomis) phegea

Eudesmia menea

Lasiocampa quercus

Acronicta rumicis

Mamestra brassicae

Mythimna albipuncta

Phlogophora meticulosa.

Thyas coronata

Milionia zonea

Xanthiris flaveolat

LBorbo cinnara

Carcharodus alceae

Thymelicus silvestris

Acytolepsis puspa myla

Aricia agestis

Cacyreus marshalli

Leptotes pirithous

Lycaena phlaeas

Actinote pellenea

Argynnis aglaja

Argynnis Lathonia

Danaus chrysippus

Erebia meolans

Erebia pronoe

Euploea eunice

Euploea sylvester swinhoei

Hypolimnas bolina

Junonia almana

Kallima inachus

Melanargia galathea

Melitaea didyma

Kallima inachus

Neptis sappho

Pyronia tithonus

Tirumala limniace

Vanessa (Cynthia) Cardui

Vanessa atalanta

Amathusia phidippus

Iphiclides podalirius

Ornithoptera priamus poseidon

Papilio bianor dehaanii

Papilio machaon

Appias olferna peducaea

Cepora nadina

Gonepteryx rhamni

Pieris brassicae

Pieris rapae

Melanis electron

Emmelina monodactyla

Pterophorus pentadactyla

Saturnia pyri athanasia

Acherontia atropos

Daphnis nerii

Pergesa acteus

Laothoe populi

Macroglossum stellatarum

Phyllosphingia dissimilis

Theretra oldenlandiae

Adscita alpina

Zygaena filipendulae