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Regnum Animalia, Phylum Arthropoda, Subphylum Hexapoda, Classis Insecta

Calliphoridae

Commonly known as blow flies, carrion flies, bluebottles, greenbottles, or cluster flies, they often lay eggs on the meat. Adults have metallic colours, with blue, green, or black thoraces and abdomens.

Anthomyiidae

From ancient Greek anthos (flower) + myia (a fly). The larvae of some species are found in the roots of various plants. Generally grey, the genus Anthomyia though is patterned in characteristic black-and-white.

Bombyliidae

They are also called humbleflies, or bee flies, as they often mimic Apoidea in livery and behavior. Adults feed on nectar and pollen. Larvae generally are parasitoids of other insects.

Heleomyzidae

They vary from yellow to red or brown to black. “Unusual” is to see in some of them red eyes on red bodies. They are attracted to carcasses and faeces. Larvae feed on decaying plant and animal matter.

Dolichopodidae

They are small flies with large, prominent eyes and a metallic cast to their appearance. Most have long legs and are predatory.

Muscidae

It’s the family of common flies. They are attracted to various substances including sugar, sweat, tears and blood.

Sarcophagidae

From the Greek sarx = flesh, phagein = to eat, they are commonly known as flesh flies. They are ovoviviparous, do not depose eggs, but maggots on carrion, dung, decaying material.

Scathophagidae

They are often known as dung flies, according to the behaviour of the yellow dung fly (Sc. stercoraria), the most known of this family. But it is not true for many other species.

Stratiomyidae

They are called the soldier flies (from Greek stratiotes = soldier + myia = fly). They commonly are partly or wholly metallic green, or somewhat wasplike mimics.

Sepsidae

From Greek Sespis = "rot ", they are called also the black scavenger flies or ensign flies. They are found around dung or decaying plant and animal material. Many species resemble ants, having a "waist" and glossy black body.

Syrphidae

Hoverflies, also called flower flies,  are often seen hovering or nectaring at flowers. They keep off predators using mimicry, looking like stinging bees, bumblebees, wasps, hornets.

Tabanidae

Horseflies are often large, and the females bite animals, including humans, to obtain blood. Adult male horse-flies feed on nectar and plant fluids.

Tephritidae

The scientific name of fruit flies comes from the Greek tephros, meaning "ash grey". Often colourful, they have usually characteristic pictured wings,

Tachinidae

The maggots of these flies are parasitoids of other insects, above all butterflies and moths, so that they are also used in agriculture against harmful caterpillars. Adult Tachinids sometimes do not feed at all.

Nematocera

The name means "thread-horns”. The larvae of most families of Nematocera are aquatic. Female Mosquitoes feed on blood, whereas Crane flies are vegetarians.

Subordo

Brachycera


From ancient Greek

brachys = short + kera = antenna

Subordo

Nematocera


gr. nématos = filament + kera = antenna

Ordo

DIPTERA


From ancient Greek

di = two + pteron = wing


2 wings and 2 halteres.

complete metamorphosis


130 Familiae, 125.000 Species  

Scathophaga stercoraria

Sepsis

Chloromyia formosa



Chrysotoxum bicinctum

Episyrphus balteatus

Eristalinus sepulchralis

Eristalis arbustorum

Eristalis tenax

Eupeodes luniger

Meliscaeva cinctella

Myathropa florea

Sphaerophoria fatarum

Sphaerophoria interrupta

Sphaerophoria scripta

Syrphus

Volucella bombylans complex

Volucella zonaria

 



Philipomyia aprica

Carcelia

Ectophasia crassipennis

Tephritis

 



Platystomatidae

“Signal flies” are very different in shape, and bizarre forms of morphology and behaviour occur in this family.

Asilidae

They are also called “assassin flies”. Their body is very powerful and they feed other insects, also catching them in flight.

Graphomya maculata

Musca domestica

Sarcophaga carnaria

Pterogeina eurysterna hendel

Calliphora vicina

Lucilia

Pollenia rudis

Condylostylus

Suilla



Anthomyia imbrida

Bombylius

Machimus notatus