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COLEOPTERA


From ancient Greek

koleos = sheath + pteron = wing


hardened shield-like forewing (elytra)

complete metamorphosis.


Familiae 235 (2011),  species 387.000 (2015)

Carabidae

Very large and important family, they are predators with strong jaws living in the ground, under the stones, bark, litter, with dark or shiny body, often streaks on the elytra.

Apioninae (Brentidae)

In books of a few years ago "Apionidae" were a family. Now, those small insects with a big "nose"are classified as a "subfamily", part of the super family Curculionoidea. They live generally among the leaves, where we have to look well to see them.

Cantharidae

Thin and soft beetles, small and medium size. we can find them flying and standing on bushes and flowers.

Cerambycidae

They are the "long horn" beetles, for the length of their antennas, with long body and often big size, living on trees of woods. Their big larvae with very small or not legs at all, they are greedy wood chewers.

Chrysomelidae

It is a large family of beetles, also very different in size and appearance one from another, which generally live associated with certain plants.

Cleridae

Soft, coloured, a bit furred. We generally find them on flowers, but most adults are predators.

Curculionidae

he largest family of animal kingdom! They have long "nose" and "moustaches". If we look closely, we find them everywhere in natural environments.

Elateridae

Soft, coloured, a bit furred. We generally find them on flowers, but most adults are predators.

Meloidae

Plants lovers - but some species live also on the ground - they defend themselves producing an oily and blistering substance: medicine or poison depending on the quantity.

Lampyridae

Males in flight dot the nights with their lights, even if they are increasingly rare in man-made environments. Many females have a larva-like appearance.

Coccinellidae

Ladybugs are among the cutest insects, loved not only by children, they are said to bring good luck. Adults and larvae are voracious aphid eaters.

Geotrupidae

Quite large in size, round, squat, "armoured", these beetles love all kinds of rotting substances, dead plants and animals, poop.

Lucanidae

"Lucus" in Latin means "forest". As they live in deep in the woods. The males of these large beetles have big protruding jaws, which in some species make them look like deer!

Oedemeridae

Long, thin, soft, with metallic colours, we find them on flowers. They have typical round "muscles" on their rear legs.

Scarabeidae

Their larvae look like worms with small legs, and several of their adults are "armoured" in a spectacular way. They love plants, flowers, dead wood and some even poop!

Pyrochroidae

They frequent deciduous woods and log stumps, have a soft and colourful body, enlarged elytra and long antennae.

Staphylinidae

Under stones, in litter, decomposing materials, they have a very elongated body and short elytra. Some lift the abdomen like scorpions, and others - marked with the red colour = danger - if crushed, they release a very irritating substance, also dangerous for humans, if it comes into contact with the eyes.

Tenebrionidae

Often black, but also coloured depending on species, various in shape and size, they live everywhere, also in human environments, as grain storage areas and cellars.

Regnum Animalia, Phylum Arthropoda, Subphylum Hexapoda, Classis Insecta


 

Endomychidae

 “Handsome fungus beetles”, as  the common name suggests, feed on fungi.

Holotrichapion pisi

Cantharis

Amara

Carabus (Procrustes) coriaceus

Harpalus



Acalolepta griseofumata

Acanthoderes clavipes

Aromia Moschata

Morimus funereus

Phymatodes testaceus

Piesarthrius brevicornis

Rosalia alpina

Rutpela (Strangalia) maculata

Trichodes apiarius



Agelastica coerulea

Altica

Chrysolina (Synerga) herbacea

Chrysolina sanguinolenta

Chrysomela populi

Lachnaia Italica

Longitarsus

Ophraella communa

Oulema melanopus

Podontia affinis

Psylliodes affinis



Ceutorhynchus

Phyllobius

Agrypnus murinus

Eumorphus westwoodi

Lampyris noctiluca

Zonitis immaculata


CCheilomenes sexmaculatus

Adalia bipunctata

Adalia decempunctata

Coccinella septempunctata

Halyzia sedecimguttata

Harmonia axyridis


Anoplotrupes stercorosus

Trypocopris vernalis apenninicus

Geotrupes stercorarius

Lucanus cervus

Oedemera nobilis

Oedemera podagrariae


Aphodius contaminatus

Cetonia aurata

Hoplia argentea

Oryctes nasicornis

Oxythyrea funesta

Protaetia cuprea

Protaetia morio



Pediluas

Anotylus rugosus

Ocypus olens

Paederus

Philonthus

Xantholinus

Omophlus lepturoide

Pimelia angulata

Pimelia bipunctata